ARNE NIXON CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF CHILDREN’S LITERATURE

 

HENRY MADDEN LIBRARY

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, FRESNO

 

KAREN CUSHMAN PAPERS

 

[ Summary Information   Biographical Sketch   Scope and Content   Series and Subseries   Box Inventory   Separation List ]

Summary Information

CREATOR:                     Karen Cushman

 

TITLE:                             Karen Cushman Papers

 

DATES:                           1999-2005 and undated

 

VOLUME:                       2 linear feet

 

IDENTIFICATION:        ANC0006

 

ACQUISITION:              The papers were donated by Karen Cushman in 2006.

 

ACCESS:                        The papers are open for research.

COPYRIGHT:                 Copyright has not been transferred to California State University, Fresno.

 

PROCESSED BY:           Matthew Borrego, 2006.

Provenance

These papers were given by Karen Cushman to the Arne Nixon Center for the Study of Children’s Literature in 2006.

 

Restrictions

Collection is non-circulating; in-house research use only.

 

Copyright

The collection is protected by the Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17, U. S. Code). Reproductions can be made only if they are to be used for "private study, scholarship, or research." It is the user's responsibility to verify copyright ownership and to obtain all necessary permissions prior to the reproduction, publication, or other use of any portion of these materials, other than that noted above.

 

Biographical Sketch

Karen Cushman was born Karen Ann Lipski in Chicago, Illinois on October 4, 1941. At a young age, and against her wishes, she moved with her family from Chicago to the Southern California town of Tarzana. Commenting about a similar reluctant cross-country transplant depicted in her novel The Ballad of Lucy Whipple, she says "I have apparently never recovered from my own move from Chicago to California when I was ten. I didn't want to see movie stars and pick oranges in my backyard. I wanted to go home." Cushman got over her homesickness quickly, however, once she found the local library, where she was an avid reader, and indulged her interests in numerous kinds of fiction and nonfiction. Her formal education was less inspiring, however; she found her Catholic schooling to be controlling, a situation mirrored by the eponymous heroine of her novel The Loud Silence of Francine Green.

 

Besides reading, Cushman also enjoyed writing in her early life; as she describes it: "I wrote a lot as a child: stories, poems, even a play called Jingle Bagels about Santa Claus coming down the wrong chimney and winding up in a Jewish home on Christmas Eve." After high school Cushman attended Stanford University, where she found no desirable outlet for her writing. Eventually she developed an interest in archaeology. Even after graduation, she still did not exercise her passion for writing; as she explains it: "After college, I did lots of things: wove, sewed, read, worked at good jobs and crummy jobs, married and had a daughter. What I didn't do is write. I think it was too important to me to risk finding out that I couldn't do it very well--or at all." She met her husband, Philip Cushman, while she was working at Hebrew Union College in California, where he was a student. While living in Oregon, where her husband held a job at a college, Cushman, bore her daughter, Leah. After returning to California, Cushman and her husband furthered their educations; he got a doctorate in psychology and became a professor. Cushman herself gained a second master's degree, this time in museum studies. Within that field, she served as an adjunct professor at John F. Kennedy University for eleven years.

 

Cushman shared her own childhood love for reading with her daughter, and read to her and with her over the years. During this time, Cushman found a great deal of appeal in young adult literature. In her words: "Children's literature is very important to me. That's what I've been writing since I was five, with a short break of 40 or so years in the middle."

 

"One day I began to think about writing again" she says. "And I got an idea for a story about a girl from long ago who was at odds with her family and her times, who didn't want to do what was expected of her, who thought she had no choices and no options." Spurred by her husband to write down her ideas, Cushman began work on what would eventually become her first novel Catherine, Called Birdy. After three and a half years of research and writing, the book, set in the Middle Ages, was published to critical acclaim; it was named a Newbery Honor book for 1995.

 

As Cushman describes it, her following novel, The Midwife's Apprentice "began with the title. I loved that title and carried it around with me for a long time but I didn't know what the book was about until I saw the image of a homeless girl sleeping on a dung heap, longing for a name, a full belly, and a place in the world." Like her debut novel, this story was set in the Middle Ages, and featured a strong and resourceful young female protagonist. The Midwife's Apprentice earned its author the prestigious Newbery Medal for 1996. This same year, Cushman resigned her position at John F. Kennedy University to dedicate herself to writing full-time.

 

Her third novel The Ballad of Lucy Whipple takes place five hundred years later than her preceding books, during the California Gold Rush. Her strong-willed protagonist's experiences in a mining camp required two years of research and writing; this research proved more difficult than the much more distant lives of her previous subjects. A fourth novel, Matilda Bone, returns Cushman to the time of the Middle Ages, where her pious heroine is "raised by a priest to know a lot about Heaven and Hell but not much about this world" and finds herself pulled away from her sheltered life "to be assistant to a bonesetter in Blood and Bone Alley with its bloodletters and barber-surgeons." As with Cushman's other leading characters, Matilda changes and grows in these adverse conditions.

 

Cushman's fifth novel, Rodzina, moves its subject forward in time again, this time to 1880s America. Rodzina is a Polish girl from Chicago who is sent west on one of the "orphan trains" of the time that were meant to dispatch orphaned children from cities in the East to be adopted by families in the rural communities of the West. Escaping a series of less-than-ideal adoptive homes, Rodzina proves to be another of Cushman's resourceful heroines as she finds herself in California, and her place in the world at last.

 

A more recent setting, Los Angeles in 1949, opens Cushman's sixth novel, The Loud Silence of Francine Green. Set in the climate of anti-Communism and fears of nuclear annihilation that persisted at the time, the novel explores the personal growth of Francine Green, an eight grader whose personal growth in the course of the novel puts her at odds with the stifling environment of her rigid Catholic schooling and her family.

 

Karen Cushman lives on Vashon Island in Puget Sound with her husband, Philip. As she explains of her craft: "I'm not sure I could write for anyone but young adults. What are called adolescent issues are those issues important in my own life: issues of identity, responsibility, change and becoming, what it means to be human in this world."

 

Sources

Speech given by Karen Cushman at the opening reception for the Arne Nixon Center for the Study of Children's Literature, April 28, 2001, Fresno, California.

Something About the Author, vol. 147, pp. 30-36.

[ Top ]

 

Scope and Content

The Karen Cushman papers contain correspondence, typescripts, research materials, notes, and printed material created and accumulated by Karen Cushman from her work on the book The Loud Silence of Francine Green. Some unrelated correspondence is also included.

 

In addition to these papers, Karen Cushman donated twenty-seven copies of her books in various languages and formats. The titles of these books can be found in the Separation List.

[ Top ]

 

Series and Subseries

 

A.          Books (1999-2005 and undated)

 

1.           The Loud Silence of Francine Green (2006)

 

B.          Miscellaneous and Personal (2002)

 

1.           Personal Materials

[ Top ]

Box Inventory

 

Box/Folder

 

A.          Books (1999-2005 and undated)

 

1.           The Loud Silence of Francine Green by Karen Cushman (New York: Clarion Books, 2006)

 

              1/1                     Research materials relating to Catholic saints and Catholic practices, June 28, 2000 to July 8, 2004 and undated, 20 items.

              1/2                     Research materials relating to anti-Communist attitudes in the 1950s, November 28, 2001 to July 22, 2004 and undated, 10 items.

              1/3                     Research materials relating to civil defense and atom bombs, undated, 2 items.

              1/4                     Research materials relating to comic books from the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, September 11, 2002, 3 items.

              1/5                     Research materials relating to motion pictures, television, and music from the 1940s and 1950s, November 28, 2001 to November 14, 2002, 7 items.

              1/6                     Research materials relating to advertising in the 1940s and 1950s, December 13, 2001 and undated, 2 items.

              1/7                     Research materials relating to significant historical events and cultural trends of the 1940s and 1950s, November 9, 1999 to November 28, 2001 and undated, 12 items.

              1/8                     Miscellaneous research materials, November 28, 2001 to September 2, 2004 and undated, 6 items.

 

              1/9                     Correspondence from editor, December 2004 to July 2005, 6 items.

 

              1/10                   Handwritten manuscript pages and notes, undated, 57 sheets.

 

              1/11                   Handwritten manuscript pages and notes, undated, 42 sheets.

 

              1/12                   Handwritten manuscript pages and notes, undated, 50 sheets.

 

              1/13                   Handwritten manuscript pages and notes, undated, 23 sheets.

              1/14                   Earliest typescript, entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, undated, 12 sheets.

              1/15                   Typescript entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", edited and annotated, December 2002, 12 sheets.

              1/16                   Typescript entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, January 2003, 19 sheets.

 

              1/17                   Typescript, edited and annotated, January 2003, 22 sheets.

 

              1/18                   Typescript entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, January 2003, 45 sheets.

              1/19                   Typescript 2 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, January 2003, 37 sheets.

              1/20-1/21           Typescript 2, includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, February 2003,

                                          1/20       Chapters 3-15, 44 sheets.

                                          1/21       Chapters 16-19, 39 sheets.

              1/22-1/23           Typescript 2 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, February 2003,

                                          1/22       Front matter and chapters 1-14, 56 sheets.

                                          1/23       Chapters 15-24, 41 sheets.

 

              1/24-1/25           Typescript 2 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, February 2003,

                                          1/24       Chapters 1-13, 51 sheets.

                                          1/25       Chapters 14-23, 47 sheets. 

              1/26-1/27           Typescript 2 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, April 2003,

                                          1/26       Front matter and chapters 1-14, 51 sheets.

                                          1/27       Chapters 15-22, 33 sheets.

              1/28-1/29           Typescript 2 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", edited and annotated, April 2003,

                                          1/28       Front matter and chapters 1-13, 52 sheets.

                                          1/29       Chapters 14-25, 49 sheets.

 

              1/30-1/32           Typescript 3 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, December 11, 2003,

                                          1/30       Front matter and chapters 1-10, 52 sheets.

                                          1/31       Chapters 11-22, 51 sheets.

                                          1/32       Chapters 23-28, 28 sheets.

              1/33-1/35           Typescript 5 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, March 2004,

                                          1/33       Chapters 1-10, 52 sheets.

                                          1/34       Chapters 11-21, 49 sheets.

                                          1/35       Chapters 22-28, 34 sheets.

 

              1/36-1/38           Typescript 5 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", edited and annotated, April 2004,

                                          1/36       Front matter and chapters 1-19, 51 sheets.

                                          1/37       Chapters 10-21, 52 sheets.

                                          1/38       Chapters 22-28, 38 sheets.

              1/39-1/41           Typescript 6 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", unedited, April 2004,

                                          1/39       Front matter and chapters 1-8, 50 sheets.

                                          1/40       Chapters 9-20, 51 sheets.

                                          1/41       Chapters 21-29, 50 sheets.

 

              1/42-1/44           Typescript 6 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", edited and annotated, April 2004,

                                          1/42       Front matter and chapters 1-8, 50 sheets.

                                          1/43       Chapters 9-19, 51 sheets.

                                          1/44       Chapters 20-29, 47 sheets.

 

              1/45-1/48           Typescript 7 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, May 2004,

                                          1/45       Chapters 1-8, 49 sheets.

                                          1/46       Chapters 9-18, 51 sheets.

                                          1/47       Chapters 19-28, 53 sheets.

                                          1/48       Chapters 29-30, 11 sheets.

 

              1/49-1/52           Typescript 7 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", edited and annotated, June 2004,

                                          1/49       Chapters 1-8, 49 sheets.

                                          1/50       Chapters 9-18, 49 sheets.

                                          1/51       Chapters 19-28, 49 sheets.

                                          1/52       Chapters 29-31, 21 sheets.

 

              1/53-1/55           Typescript 7, edited and annotated, September 2004,

                                          1/53       Chapters 1-8, 49 sheets.

                                          1/54       Chapters 9-18, 50 sheets.

                                          1/55       Chapters 19-23 22 sheets.

 

              1/56                    Typescript 8.1, edited and annotated, September 2004, 41 sheets. 

              1/57-1/60           Typescript 8.2 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", unedited, September 2004,

                                          1/57       Front matter and chapters 1-7, 49 sheets.

                                          1/58       Chapters 8-16, 52 sheets.

                                          1/59       Chapters 17-25, 51 sheets.

                                          1/60       Chapters 26-31, 43 sheets.

 

              2/1-2/4               Typescript 8.2, includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, September 2004,

                                          2/1         Front matter and chapters 1-7, 48 sheets.

                                          2/2         Chapters 8-16, 51 sheets.

                                          2/3         Chapters 18-25, 51 sheets.

                                          2/4         Chapters 26-31, 43 sheets.

 

              2/5-2/9               Typescript 8.2 entitled "The Passion of Saint Francine", edited and annotated, September 2005,

                                          2/5         Front matter and chapters 1-6, 48 sheets.

                                          2/6         Chapters 7-13, 52 sheets.

                                          2/7         Chapters 14-23, 51 sheets.

                                          2/8         Chapters 24-32, 55 sheets.

                                          2/9         Chapters 33-34, 14 sheets.

 

              2/10-2/14           Typescript 9.2, includes handwritten manuscript pages and notes, edited and annotated, January 2005,

                                          2/10       Chapters 1-7, 51 sheets.

                                          2/11       Chapters 8-15, 51 sheets.

                                          2/12       Chapters 16-22, 50 sheets.

                                          2/13       Chapters 23-31, 54 sheets.

                                          2/14       Chapters 32-34, 27 sheets.

 

              2/15-2/19           Typescript 10, edited and annotated, February 2005,

                                          2/15       Chapters 2-8, 49 sheets.

                                          2/16       Chapters 9-15, 46 sheets.

                                          2/17       Chapters 16-22, 50 sheets.

                                          2/18       Chapters 23-30, 48 sheets.

                                          2/19       Chapters 31-34, 34 sheets.

 

              2/20-2/23           Typescript 10 entitled "The Loud Silence of Francine Green", edited and annotated, February 2005,

                                          2/20       Front matter and chapters 1-7, 51 sheets.

                                          2/21       Chapters 8-16, 52 sheets.

                                          2/22       Chapters 17-26, 53 sheets.

                                          2/23       Chapters 27-34, 50 sheets.

 

              2/24-2/28           Typescript 11 entitled "The Loud Silence of Francine Green", edited and annotated, June 2005,

                                          2/24       Front matter and chapters 1-6, 50 sheets.

                                          2/25       Chapters 7-13, 49 sheets.

                                          2/26       Chapters 14-20, 48 sheets.

                                          2/27       Chapters 21-28, 53 sheets.

                                          2/28       Chapters 29-34, 48 sheets.

 

              2/29-2/32           Typescript 12 entitled "The Loud Silence of Francine Green", edited and annotated, June 2005,

                                          2/29       Front matter and chapters 1-8, 54 sheets.

                                          2/30       Chapters 9-16, 48 sheets.

                                          2/31       Chapters 17-25, 52 sheets.

                                          2/32       Chapters 26-34, 56 sheets.

 

              2/33-2/37           Typescript 12 entitled "The Loud Silence of Francine Green", unedited, August 2005,

                                          2/33       Front matter and chapters 1-6, 51 sheets.

                                          2/34       Chapters 7-13, 50 sheets.

                                          2/35       Chapters 14-20, 49 sheets.

                                          2/36       Chapters 21-28, 53 sheets.

                                          2/37       Chapters 29-34, 51 sheets.

 

              2/38                   Typescripts of Author's Note, related handwritten notes, and related correspondence, edited and annotated, August 24, 2005 and undated, 5 items.

 

              2/39-2/43           Typescript 12 entitled "The Loud Silence of Francine Green", copy-edited, August 2005,

                                          2/39       Front matter and chapters 1-7, 48 sheets.

                                          2/40       Chapters 8-15, 48 sheets.

                                          2/41       Chapters 16-24, 52 sheets.

                                          2/42       Chapters 25-32, 53 sheets.

                                          2/43       Chapters 33-34 and Author's Note, 18 sheets.

 

              2/44-2/49           Galley proof for The Loud Silence of Francine Green, edited and annotated, November 7, 2005,

                                          2/44       Front matter and chapters 1-5, 46 sheets.

                                          2/45       Chapters 6-13, 50 sheets.

                                          2/46       Chapters 14-21, 49 sheets.

                                          2/47       Chapters 22-29, 46 sheets.

                                          2/48       Chapters 30-34 and Author's Note, 44 sheets.

                                          2/49       Style sheet for galley proof, 4 sheets.

 

B.          Miscellaneous and Personal (2002)

 

1.           Personal Materials

 

              2/50                     Correspondence, July 2002 to September 2002 and undated, 3 items.

 

Separation List

The following items have been removed to the Arne Nixon Center’s collection of published works:

 

Alyce und keine andere by Karen Cushman (German language edition of The Midwife's Apprentice), translated by Bettine Braun (Munich: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 2002)

 

Alyce und keine andere by Karen Cushman (German language edition of The Midwife's Apprentice), translated by Bettine Braun (Munich: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 1998)

 

Aprendiz de parteira by Karen Cushman (Portuguese language edition of The Midwife’s Apprentice), translated by Angela Melim (Rio de Janeiro: Rocco, 1999)

 

A balada de Lucy Whipple by Karen Cushman (Portuguese language edition of The Ballad of Lucy Whipple), translated by Angela Melim (Rio de Janeiro: Rocco, 2001)

 

Die Ballade von Lucy Whipple by Karen Cushman (German language edition of The Ballad of Lucy Whipple), translated by Bettine Braun (Munich: Gabriel Verlag, 1998)

 

Catarina, a menina chamada Passarinha by Karen Cushman (Portuguese language edition of Catherine, Called Birdy), translated by Angela Melim (Rio de Janeiro: Rocco, 1998)

 

Catherine, Called Birdy by Karen Cushman (London: Macmillan, 1996)

 

Catherine, Called Birdy by Karen Cushman (London: Macmillan, 1996)

 

Catherine, Lady wider Willen by Karen Cushman (German language edition of Catherine, Called Birdy), translated by Bettine Braun (Munich: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 2002)

 

Catherine, Lady wider Willen by Karen Cushman (German language edition of Catherine, Called Birdy), translated by Bettine Braun (Munich: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 1999)

 

Dàt nooit! by Karen Cushman (Dutch language edition of Catherine, Called Birdy), translated by Lilian Schreuder (Rotterdam: Lemniscaat, 1996)

 

Gold Rush Town Luckey Diggins by Karen Cushman (Japanese language edition of The Ballad of Lucy Whipple), translated by Yanai Kaoru (Tomorrow Publishing, 2000)

 

Guldfeber by Karen Cushman (Danish language edition of The Ballad of Lucy Whipple), translated by Anne Olsen (Aarhus, Denmark: CDR-Forlag, 1999)

 

L’Aprenenta de Llevadora by Karen Cushman (Catalan language edition of The Midwife’s Apprentice), translated by Anna Gasol (Barcelona: Edebé, 1998)

 

Lille Fugl by Karen Cushman (Danish language edition of Catherine, Called Birdy), translated by Arne Herløv Petersen (Aarhus, Denmark: CDR-Forlag, 1997)

 

The Loud Silence of Francine Green by Karen Cushman (audio book), narrated by Anaka Shockley, 5 compact discs (New York: Random House Audio Publishing Group, 2006)

 

Matilda Bone by Karen Cushman (French language edition), translated by Hélène Misserly (Paris: l'école des loisirs, 2005)

 

Matilda Bone by Karen Cushman (London: Macmillan, 2001)

 

Matilda do Osso by Karen Cushman (Portuguese language edition of Matilda Bone), translated by Angela Melim (Rio de Janeiro: Rocco, 2002)

 

Matilda Huesos by Karen Cushman (Spanish language edition of Matilda Bone), translated by Alexandra Crawcour (Madrid: Ediciones SM, 2002)

 

The Midwife’s Apprentice by Karen Cushman (Chinese language edition) (Nanjing: Yilin Press, 2000)

 

The Midwife's Apprentice by Karen Cushman (Chinese language edition), translated by (Taipei: Morning Star Publishing, 2000)

 

The Midwife's Apprentice by Karen Cushman (Korean language edition), translated by Mi-ja Bae (Seoul: Darun Publishers, 2005)

 

Rodzina by Karen Cushman (audio book), narrated by Becky Ann Baker, 3 audiocassettes (New York: Random House Audio Publishing Group, 2003)

 

Rodzina by Karen Cushman (Castilian language edition), translated by Alberto Jiménez Rioja (Barcelona: entreLIbros, 2004)

 

Rodzina by Karen Cushman (Complex Chinese language edition) (Taipei: Tien-Wei Publishing Company, 2004)

 

Rodzina by Karen Cushman (German language edition), translated by Alexandra Ernst (Munich: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 2005)

[ Top ]

[ Back to Index ]